A substation is a part of electrical power generation, transmission, and distribution process. It may perform several functions including varying of voltage up or down and treating it appropriately so as to assist the transmission and distribution process. They may be privately owned or operated by government agencies. Depending upon the intended use of the power, the substations can vary in sizes. But almost all the substations operate in a similar manner. So, what goes into operating a substation?
The List Of Elements
The foremost identification of a substation is the type of equipment and machinery it is installed with. A typical substation may include step-up or step-down transformers, power lines, lightning arrester to protect it from striking lights, and a circuit breaker.
In addition to these, depending upon what the substation intends to serve, there may be more elements included in a substation.
The Selection Of Appropriate Place
Whenever a substation is to be erected, the foremost step is to determine an appropriate location. The location should not be too far away from the service location and it should not be too near to avoid any accidents.
The environmental factors play an important role in the selection of a place for the erection of a substation. These environmental factors may include the type of soil, the average climatic conditions, the interference of natural phenomenons, etc. These factors help to decide the type of substation that needs to be constructed and how it should be constructed.
The Requirement It Is Intended To Serve
How can the end user not affect the operation of a substation? Whether the substation is meant for industrial exploitation or civil purpose, decides the list of equipment to be installed in the substation.
A substation intended to serve an industry would usually have a step up transformer as the pieces of machinery require higher voltage for their operation. Whereas, a substation intended to serve civilians, would have a step-down transformer since the household equipment and appliances require a much less voltage.
Nothing can ever survive perpetually. Even to stay operational for a designated lifetime, everything needs maintenance and servicing at regular intervals. The same is true for substations as well.
For detailed information about how substation maintenance is done, you can visit https://www.utilityservice.net/. Typically, maintenance of a substation may include, painting, removal of rust and rust proofing, repairs and replacement of the faulty equipment, and a continual check of the different elements of the substation for their uninterrupted functioning.
The substations deal with a high amount of electrical energy. Due to this, they are susceptible to a high risk of causing fatalities and accidents. There are many preventive measures taken in to account such as insulation of wires and equipment, and installation of fuses in a substation. For the very same reason, there needs to regular maintenance and servicing of the substation is required.
Apart from these, the workforce required for the operation of a substation is trained and imparted with the required knowledge and skills to ensure the flawless operation of the substation.